Discovering Tutankhamun’s Treasures

The History of Tutankhamun

Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh who reigned from 1332 to 1323 BCE. He ascended to the throne at the young age of nine and died at the age of eighteen. Tutankhamun was not a significant figure in the Egyptian history, but the discovery of his tomb in 1922, by the British archaeologist Howard Carter, made him famous worldwide. Tutankhamun’s tomb was a treasure trove that contained extraordinary artifacts that enlightened us on the life and culture of the ancient Egyptians.

The Discovery of Tutankhamun’s Tomb

The discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb was one of the most exciting archaeological discoveries of the 20th century. Howard Carter spent many seasons digging in the Valley of the Kings, hoping to find a royal tomb intact. In November 1922, Carter discovered a set of steps that led to a sealed doorway. Carter sent a telegram to his sponsor, Lord Carnarvon, announcing his discovery. Carnarvon traveled to Egypt to oversee the excavation of the tomb. Read more about the topic in this external resource we’ve handpicked for you.

The Contents of Tutankhamun’s Tomb

Tutankhamun’s tomb was a small one in comparison to the other royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings. The tomb consisted of a central chamber, an antechamber, and two annexes. The central chamber contained the sarcophagus, guarded by four golden shrines that dwindled in size, and made of wood covered with gold foil. Inside the shrines, Carter discovered three coffins nested within each other, with the inner coffin made entirely of gold, and contained the mummy of Tutankhamun.

The antechamber contained four smaller shrines and many items of daily use of Tutankhamun, such as chariots, headrests, stools, and massive alabaster jars. Alongside were chests of clothes, linen, and a large chest of jewelry with hundreds of ornate pieces. The two annexes contained other objects, such as boats, furniture, and food.

The Meaning behind the Treasures

The objects found in Tutankhamun’s tomb had both artistic and symbolic values. The tombs of ancient Egyptian pharaohs contained all the materials that the pharaoh may need to ensure his wellbeing in the afterlife. They believed that their journey after death would be lengthy and perilous and, thus, needed everything from clothing and boats to jewelry and games.

The cobra and the vulture were common symbols in the art of ancient Egypt. They symbolized the goddesses Wadjet and Nekhbet, respectively, who were believed to protect the pharaohs and the land of Egypt. Tutankhamun’s tomb contained hundreds of precious pieces adorned with these two symbols, such as collars, bracelets, and pectorals.

The Legacy of Tutankhamun’s Treasures

The discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb was significant in many ways. It gave us an idea about the life and culture of ancient Egypt. The treasures found in the tomb were symbolic of their beliefs, art, and exquisite taste. Tutankhamun’s tomb attracts millions of visitors every year to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, where the artifacts and treasures are displayed. The artifacts also gave us a glimpse into the advanced technology used by ancient Egyptians, such as the gilding and electroplating of metals.

The discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb was invaluable to the world of archaeology. It showed us that the ancient Egyptians were skilled craftsmen and that their belief in the afterlife was fundamental to their daily lives. The treasures still inspire designers and artists around the world, and replicas of the artifacts are still popular souvenirs.

The Importance of Preserving Tutankhamun’s Treasures

Preserving Tutankhamun’s treasures is a monumental task that requires experts in many fields. The Egyptian Museum in Cairo houses the treasures, but the museum’s condition is poor. The humidity and temperature levels inside the museum threaten the preservation of the artifacts.

In 2018, the Egyptian authorities transferred Tutankhamun’s treasures to the Grand Egyptian Museum, which is under construction. The museum’s construction is expensive and has been delayed many times. It is expected to open in 2021, to coincide with the 100th anniversary of the discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb. The Grand Egyptian Museum is equipped with technology and experts to preserve the treasures for future generations. Find more details on the topic in this external resource. Egypt tours, broaden your understanding of the subject.


The discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb was a turning point in the world of archaeology. The treasures found inside the tomb tell us the story of ancient Egypt, its beliefs, craftsmanship, and sophistication. The preservation of the artifacts is a significant responsibility that requires specialized care. We must endeavor to preserve Tutankhamun’s treasures for future generations to understand and admire.

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